Courtois Hills of the Ozarks

Courtois Hills of the Ozarks
The sub-regions of the Ozarks (from Rafferty, The Ozarks: land and li

Monday, September 5, 2011

How To Find Your Rebel Kin, Part Two

Sylvia Hathaway to me, con't

Aug 28 (7 days ago) 

MoSGA Spring 1997: 14 Sep 1895, p1: Peggy Pegs.

  James Snider, brother to Henderson Snider, died last Saturday.  See note. MoSGA editor's warning that articles received late appeared in the following week's paper.

Note from George Windes:   I know that Sally (Sarah) Ann loved her dad (James Snider). We also have a tale that James and Sally's father-in-law, John Chatman Windes (24 Oct 1827 St Genevieve Mo- 24 Nov 1883 Carter County MO), didn't like each other. They had fought on different sides of the Civil War. The Union man got a pension (in his old age), but the Confederate didn't. They got into a fight over it one day at the post office when a check came through.

Children of JAMES SNIDER and REBEKAH SMITH Montgomery are:

i.                     RODA J SNIDER, b. 01 Dec 1856, Low, Shannon, Missouri, USA; d. 13
            Dec 1868, Low, Shannon, Missouri, USA.

ii.                   SARAH ANN SNIDER,  b. 21 Jun 1857, Carter County, Missouri; d. 16 Dec 1917. Married George Irvin Windes.

     iii.        MARGARET J. SNIDER b. 1859, Pike Creek, Carter, MO


   RODA E. SNIDER b. 01 Dec 1865, Missouri; d. 13 Dec 1868 (see above for alternate dates)
  CHARLES WESLEY SNIDER, b. 08 Sep 1867, Low Wassie, Missouri; d. 26 Aug 1909, Ordway, Otero, Colorado. Married Viola Belle Nichols.

   EMILY SNIDER, b. 03 Oct 1868, Missouri; d. 13 Sep 1869, Missouri.

   SILAS NELSON SNIDER, b. 23 Sep 1870, Missouri; d. 20 Nov 1921, Missouri. (m Martha E. Holland and 2nd Gracie M. Dace) buried Rumberg Cemetery.

   MARY ELLEN SNIDER, b. 03 Jul 1872, Missouri; d. 06 Mar 1933, Pocahontas, Randolph, AR. Married William M. Mitchell.

   MALLISSA A. SNIDER, b. 16 May 1872, Missouri; d. 09 Aug 1874, Missouri,

   ROBERT L. SNIDER b. 09 Jan 1876, Missouri; d. 16 Aug 1881, Missouri.

  JAMES ALLEN SNIDER  b. 07 Jul 1877, Missouri d. 21 Jan 1901

 JOHN WALKER SNIDER, b. 08 Sep 1879, Missouri; d. 12 Feb 1940, Poplar Bluff, Butler, MO. Married Louise F. Long.

 NANCY VIOLA SNIDER b. 02 Apr 1881, Missouri, USA d. Abt. 1900; m. JNO T. D. DURGAN, 30 Jan 1900

  ELI FRANK SNIDER, b. 22 Nov 1884, Shannon, Missouri, USA; d. 21 Jul 1970, Poplar Bluff, Butler, Missouri, Married Dora V. Smith.

  GEORGE NELSON SNIDER, b. 06 Jul 1887, Low Wassie, Shannon, Missouri; d. 17 Nov 1935, Riverside, California. Married Bertha E Ferrell.


I am not used to getting so much detail when I get a request for help. James Snider was already in my research tree, Alex Chilton to Ben Talbot,, and some of this information was already recorded there. However, it is always good to find that someone else has come to the same conclusions that you have.

Typically is the first place I go when I start the research project. I like to find the subject on the 1850 and 1860 census first. It is very important to check the ages of any children. Many father and son fought together and some fought each other. I try to track any siblings and their subsequent marriages. Brother-in-laws are very important. I always want to know the subject’s brothers and their wives. The wife’s brother is very important. Equally important are sister’s husbands and their brothers. Somewhere in this process I start looking at both maternal and paternal aunts and uncles and their children. Some cousins were as close as siblings. In our region many, many double cousins are found.  I’m looking for as many different surnames as possible. I want to know where each individual lived. Census records give us State, County and township. Always look at close neighbors on the census records. Land patent records can be very informative however, many land transactions were for profit and the purchaser never lived on the ground they purchased from the government.

By the time I have looked at his kin and his close neighbors I usually have a very good idea as to which side the subject supported. And, in some instances can make an educated guess as to what regiment he belonged. In this instance Ms. Hathaway has provided us with the name of a brother-in-law with known records of service. Freeman’s Regiment was very active in the western counties of our area during a large portion of the war. Some of Freeman’s descendants’ still reside in the Reynolds-Carter-Shannon County area.

I would now start my search of military records by going to my files. Early in my pursuit of this subject I copied many of the area regiments to an Excel* spreadsheet file. All of the rosters are in one workbook with each having their own sheet within the workbook. It is fully searchable and allows me to make notation within individual’s files and I typically include a link to the individual within my ancestry file.Knowing that a brother-in-law served with Freeman, that roster is the first I would search.

I found Simeon Smith:

Roan R.J. MO Cav. Freeman's Regt. Co.E

Sappington Benoni R. MO Cav. Freeman's Regt. Co.E

Sexton J.E. MO Cav. Freeman's Regt. Co.E Capt.

Sipes E. MO Cav. Freeman's Regt. Co.E

Smith Joseph MO Cav. Freeman's Regt. Co.E

Smith James MO Cav. Freeman's Regt. Co.E

Smith Simeon MO Cav. Freeman's Regt. Co.E

Tate William MO Cav. Freeman's Regt. Co.E

Tate K.K. MO Cav. Freeman's Regt. Co.E

Taylor H. MO Cav. Freeman's Regt. Co.E

Thompson W.I. MO Cav. Freeman's Regt. Co.E

Thompson T. MO Cav. Freeman's Regt. Co.E Sgt.

Vickroy John MO Cav. Freeman's Regt. Co.E

I did not find our subject, James Snider(Snyder). The fact that James Snider is NOT on this roster does NOT mean that he didn’t at one time belong to this regiment. It only means that his name wasn’t recorded as James Snider at the time of surrender or on any of the surviving regimental records.

The next tool in our tool box is one of my favorites. (now known as Fold This is the largest repository of digital military records available online. Like it a premium site and you must join and pay a fee to use their service. In fact Fold 3 is a part of the family of research sites.

*Confederate Service Records

Military Service Records of Confederate Solders who Served During the Civil War
Confederate service records are typically less complete than those relating to Union soldiers since many Confederate records did not survive the war.

When the Confederate government evacuated Richmond, many Confederate records were sent away, destroyed, or left behind. Some of the records found their way into the hands of the Union Army and were forwarded to the War Department. In July 1865, the Adjutant General established a bureau for the “collection, safekeeping, and publication of Rebel Archives.”  In 1903 the Secretary of War persuaded the Governors of most Southern States to lend Confederate military personnel records to the War Department for copying.

These captured and copied Confederate records, as well as Union prison and parole records, were abstracted by the War Department between 1903 and 1927 to compile military service records of Confederate officers, noncommissioned officers, and enlisted men.

The Compiled service records consist of a card or cards containing information abstracted from such original records as muster rolls, regimental returns, and medical and prison registers. The records may list his age, place of enlistment, birthplace, residence and occupation as well as a physical description. However, you tend to find more information of this kind with early enlistments. These records are valuable for proving military service, but keep in mind that a compiled military service record is only as complete as the records of an individual soldier or his unit.

NOTE: When checking the indexes, be sure to consider alternative spellings. Names were frequently misspelled for a variety of reasons. Even more frustrating, many records list initials rather than full names. Note in the record below, one record used initials, but the other record used first name and middle initial.

The initial search (James Snider) in the civil war collection revealed 808 hits. We will narrow this down by focusing our search.

A small sampling of our choices:

Showing 22 available results:

Census - US Federal 1860 (165)
Confederate Citizens File (126)
Civil War Soldiers - Confederate - MO (106)
Civil War Soldiers - Confederate - VA (75)
Civil War "Widows' Pensions" (48)
Civil War Soldiers - Union - KY (45)
Civil War and Later Veterans Pension Index (40)

Civil War Soldiers-Confederate-MO narrows the results down to 106. 

Showing 3 available results

Snider's Battalion, Cavalry (101)
Twelfth Infantry, Pr-Z (3)
State Guard, Sn-Th (2)

  I am fairly certain, because of experience in researching men from our geographical area, that I will NOT find James Snider in Snider’s Battalion, Cavalry.

            I’ll try the Twelfth Infantry first. It indicates that there are three (3) documents.

#1 is the cover folder containing two records for a James M. Snider who served in the 12th Infantry. The Twelfth was raised in our region so this is a possibility. At the start of a search I do not pay much attention to middle initials. Often they are recorded incorrectly. 

The information contained in these cards tells us that James M. Snider enlisted for 3 years on the 5th of October 1862 at Pocahontas Arkansas, in White’s Regiment and was assigned to Company B as a Private.  White’s Regiment later became the 12th Infantry. It also indicates that James M. Snider deserted his regiment on Dec. 10, 1862. Don’t jump to rash conclusions over information that he deserted. This just means that the company clerk didn’t know where he was on the day of the muster. We would need to have more information in order to conclude Desertion in the context modern people think of it meaning. 

Next we will look at the two (2) records of the James Snider who was in the Missouri State Guard.

Unfortunately, I can rule out this record as applying to our subject due to the Residence being listed as Scott County, Missouri.

I continued my search in the military records by trying as many different spelling variations of the first and last names as I could think of including all of the different combinations of the same. When I tried Jas Snyder I hit pay dirt. And, only the second card of this set of records was labeled Jas Snyder.  

This record indicates essentially the same information we found on the Missouri Secretary State site. I do believe we have the right man. In the next segment we will try to located further information about James Snider and his time spent in the Military Service.    

Saturday, September 3, 2011

How To Find Your Rebel Kin, Part One

I wish to take a different path today as we explore the history of our region and the people who lived through those trying days of the War Between the States. I received a request for information/assistance on locating documentation of a possible southern sympathizing ancestor. I try to help others whenever I feel capable. And, at other times (when I know I am not capable) I make the attempt to help full knowing that I am in over my head. Sylvia Hathaway is not alone in her quest; many other people are searching for similar information about their kin. This is Part 1 of a multi-part study on researching your own Missouri Confederate ancestors.

Sylvia Hathaway to me,

Aug 28 (6 days ago)

It seems like I have communicated with you before about confederate units in this area but can't find any e-mails from you. Perhaps it was on a post of yours somewhere online. I live in Shannon County and I have enjoyed your posts on local Civil War History. After reading your Blog I got & just read the book '3 years with Quantrill' and several other books that an SCV site about Quantrill recommended.  I am wondering if you could direct me on how to find out about my ancestor James Snider (Snyder) b 1830 who is thought to have been a confederate or a confederate sympathizer. His 1st wife died during the war and I am beginning to wonder if she might have been one of the victims of the Yankees. 

If you have run across anything about them or can give me ideas on how to do more research I would sure appreciate your help.

James Snider lived in the Fremont area and then near to what is now considered Low Wassie after the war, and perhaps just before.

This is what I know:

JAMES SNIDER   (John Walker Snider, George W Snider, Johann George Schneider) was born 08 May 1830 in Blount County, Tennessee, and died 07 Sep 1895 in Carter or Shannon County, Missouri.  He married first Rebekah Smith about 02 Aug 1855 in Oregon County, Missouri. We believe she is the daughter of Richard D Grimes Smith and Jane.  She was born 1833 in Missouri, and died about 1862, probably in Carter or Shannon County.  Did she die of disease or was her death related to the war?  We don't know.

 I believe James and Rebecca had moved to James Snider’s sister and brother in-law’s farm after their deaths in 1858.  Lewis and Catherine both died in 1858 of "winter fever".  Lewis Snider was a distant cousin of James and Catherine. Lewis had gotten a farm in the Low Wassie area from a grant for having participated in an Indian war. After the war, James married his first cousin, Teresa Neal 23 Feb 1865 in Carter Co., MO, daughter of Robert Neal and Nancy Henderson.  She was born 27 Nov 1844 in Missouri, and died 04 Nov 1888 in Shannon County, Missouri.
   The 1860 Census shows the following people living at the home of my grandfather, James Snider:   

  •  7/7  Snider Jr., James              Age 30   M   Farmer                  born in Ten.                                            
  •         Rebecca (nee Smith)       Age 27   F                                   born in Mo.
  •         Sally A.                                      3   F                                 born in MO
  •         Margaret J                                  1   F                                 born in MO
  •         Smith, Simeon*                        28   M  Farm Laborer       born in MO
  •         Elmira                                       17   F                                 born in MO                          
  •         William B.                                 4   M                                 born in Ark.
  • .       Eliza J                                        2    F                                 born in Mo.
  •         Smith, Carter                           21   M     Crippled              born in MO                           
  •         Depriest, ,Minaris**              28   F                                   born in MO
  •         Nancy G. Depriest                   5   F                                                                          
  •         Abraham E. Depriest               1   M         

*There is a Simeon Smith listed in Freeman’s Regiment: Smith, Simeon - Company E - Pvt. - Captured Shannon Co. Mo. July 13, 1863, sent to Myrtle St. Prison, St. Louis, Mo., transferred to Camp Morton, Ind. August 23, 1863.

**Nee Smith, widow of Isaac W Depriest, later married John   Henderson Neal

I am not sure if this is the same location that is near Low Wassie since the old home place is now considered to be in Shannon County.  After James and his 2nd wife Teresa’s Neal Snider’s death, the farm was later sold to the Pyrtle’s (The old Pyrtle Place).

From Office of Secretary of State, Jefferson City , MO 65102
      From index only- James Snyder (unknown if this is our    
      James), age 30, Rank- Musi
      Service - Co. "C". 4th or Reg. Mo. Inf. Vol under Capt. 
      Enlisted August 10, 1861 Memphis, TN
      Deserted on retreat from Corinth, Miss. in 1862
      Nat. Ballard, Co Ky.
      Muster roll on file, Adj. Gen. Office, Jefferson City, Mo

Here is a screen shot of what you will see first. This is where the above information originated. This link will take you to the actual card.

 There were at least 2 James Sniders in the area including James William Snider (1846-1926), son of William Snider and Mary Ann Snider (cousins), and our James Snider (1830-1895) (born 08 May 1830 in Blount County, Tennessee *)son of John Walker Snider and Anna Neal. The index card above is the only record I find that lists an age that is close to our James Snider. My uncle Carl Snider says the family thought James Snider (b 1830) may have been with Quantrill, Shelby, and may have been guerrilla. He is said to have come home with a large sum of money after the war, and purchased the nicest farm there was in the Shannon County area.

We now go back to to search census records again. We know his age, where he was born and approximately where he lived. Below is a screen shot of the search page and the results of the search.

Saturday, August 20, 2011

Samuel Trollinger, Pilot on the Secession Railroad

The following is the product of some “ongoing” research and if anyone has anything to contribute it will be most gratefully received: JM

From what I can gather from the records Sam Trollinger was, for at least part of the war, what was known as a "Pilot". A Pilot was a guide for people wishing to go through the Union lines, either north or south. Movement through Reynolds and Iron County between Pocahontas, Arkansas and St. Louis occurred daily throughout the war. Mail, dispatches and newspapers were extremely important as was the movement of people. The trail was sometimes known as the "chip road" and also as the "secession railroad".

Elihu Sheppard was certain that Sam and some others were responsible for the death of his foreman and blacksmith, he wrote letters to the Provost Marshall General in Washington DC as well as giving deposition to the local Provost Marshall in Ironton. In all fairness to the Provost Marshal, it appears they determined that there was not enough evidence to convict Sam of Josiah Morgan's death. He was arrested and held as a political prisoner for some time and was sent to the "old capital prison" in Washington DC. This prison was typically utilized as a holding area for political prisoners and those who were being examined by members of the Provost Marshall Service at the highest level. I have not found any records to indicate what took place in Washington nor even if he ever actually made it there. If he made it too DC he most likely was questioned and then sent “South” either banished or exchanged.

On January 8th 1865 1st Lt. William Moran of company E. 50th MO Vol. reported that a scout under Lt. Weddle to Black River killed two men by the names of Samuel Torringer (Trollinger) and James Barton.

Title: The war of the rebellion: a compilation of the official records of the Union and Confederate armies. ; Series 1 - Volume 48 (Part I)
Author: United States. War Dept., John Sheldon Moody, Calvin Duvall Cowles, Frederick Caryton Ainsworth, Robert N. Scott, Henry Martyn Lazelle, George Breckenridge Davis, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph William Kirkley

Jim Morris

From the Missouri State Archives, PM records

Trollinger, Samuel
Saint Louis
St. Louis
Statement of Trollinger that he was arrested, but he does not know why. Trollinger details times he has used a borrowed gun. He claims he is "not certain" about making certain disloyal statements. If he said them, he notes, it was out of ignorance.
Samuel Trollinger

Head Quarters St Louis District
Office of Provost Marshal
St Louis Mo Dec 15, 1862
Samuel Trollinger examined:  I was arrested at my own home on the 29th of November 1862, by Capt Jenkison(?) EMM of Reynolds County.  I do not know what I was arrested for as I was arrested last fall and taken to Ironton and detained a prisoner two months and then discharged on taking the oath.  I did not enroll my name in the EMM.  I had a gun when I was first arrested which was taken from me by the authorities.  I have not had a gun of my own since.  I borrowed a gun of Jim Barton’s last spring and again in the fall to kill hogs and gobblers.  I borrowed it off and on whenever I wanted it.  Several persons going to join the Southern army.  A good many men coming from the Southern army stopped at my house.  I am not certain that I have not violated the oath I took that I know of.  I am not certain that I never said I did not value the oath a d—n—if I did, it was through ignorance I intended to enroll  Nearly all my neighbors are secesh.  I am called a strong Southern rights man    I am a Constitutional Union man.  I don’t know that I am a secession sympathizer.  The militia rob and plunder as the guerillas do.  I have not done anything for or against the USA government.  Before being arrested the first time.  Ben Talbot and his gang came along.  He asked me to join his band.  I refused to do it.  He then said he would take my horse if I did not go along with him.  John Stricklin (my son-in-law) and myself then went along with them.  We staid four days and returned home.  There was about 20 or 25 of us  The band stole five horses while I was with them ?? He Talbot afterwards retured one of them to ? Jarvis  Some of my union neighbors blamed me for being instrumental in having their horses stolen.
Samuel Trollinger (mark)

Trollinger, Samuel
Letter from Col. Thomas J. Whitely that he is sending an affidavit in Trollinger's case. Whitely has no doubt that Morgan was shot and killed by the men mentioned in the affidavit. He thinks the body was burned because human bones were found in ashes.
Head Qtrs 32 Reg. EMM
Potosi MO Dec 22/62

I hand you herewith an affidavit in the case of Samuel Trollinger whom I sent you a short time since.
There is no doubt but that Morgan was killed by the men mentioned and it is thought the body was burned, as human bones were found afterwards near the place designated by the witness, mixed up ashes and the chared ends of timbers that had been burned on the spot. I may send more testimony in this case.

Respectfully Yours,

Tho. J. Whitely
Col. Comm 8

To Major Geo Leighton
P.M. Dist. St Louis MO

 Trollinger, Samuel

Statement of Robert Gregg partially illegible. Gregg appears to state that Trollinger drew a gun on him and tried to take him prisoner.
Washington Co MO
November 30, 1862

Robt Gragg
Affidavit in Case of Saml.  Trollinger

State of Missouri
Washington County    SS

Robert Gragg of  Lawful age being duly sworn on his oath says that some time about the month of August that said Samuel Trolinger at or near his house in Bellevue Township in Washington County met me in road on the edge of the Bush before me as I was riding along this field and I saw his gun at me and he says to me you are my prisoners when I drew my pistol on him and Then he disappeared in the Bush and he further says that he has good reason to believe and does believe that Trolinger had for some time sought an opportunity to take him a prisoner or take his life.

Robert Gragg
Subscribed and sworn to before
this 30th day of Nov 1862
? Williams JD

Trollinger, Samuel
Letter from Col. Thomas J. Whitely regarding the arrest of Trollinger, of Iron County. Whitely refers to Trollinger as an "old offender" who became a guerrilla and thief at the beginning of the war. Claims Trollinger's conduct justifies his arrest.

Head Qtrs. Wash. Co. Regt. Militia
Potosi MO Dec 11th 1862

Major Geo E. Leighton
PM St Louis

Sargt Buas

The bearer of this has in charge one Samuel Trollinger of Iron County arrested by the Militia of this county a few days since.  He is an old offender having turned guerrilla and thief at the commencement of the rebellion, and continued as such up to the time of his arrest.  I am eighteen months ago he was arrested and taken to the Pilot Knob where he was detained a prisoner for two months.  He was released on oath and past sins—such as were then known, forgiven.  His conduct since as is proven by the affidavit sent shows an utter disregard for the obligations of his oath and alone justifies his arrest.  There is other testimony which I am collecting and will forward in a few days.  In the mean time I will refer you to J.C. Libby of your city as an important witness in this case.  He may be found at the Mt. Vernon Home?  Cor.??Myrtle St.

Your ??
Tho. J. Whitely
Col. Wash Co Reg Militia

Trollinger, Samuel

Statement of Mrs. Lucinda Barger that Trollinger was among the men who came to her home demanding horses, guns, and ammunition. They took a horse from the stable and left. Barger recognized Trollinger's voice, noting she's known him for 15-16 years.
Potosi MO
Dec 7th 186
E.B. Smith
Capt @ ?

Transmits affidavit of Mis Lucindia Barger against Saml. Trollinger  This will be sworn as soon as obtained

One Enclosure

State of Missouri
Washington County

Mrs. Lucinda S. Bargar wife of H.S. Barger personally appeared before the undersigned a justice of the pease being by me dually sworn says on or about the night of the fifth of August 1862 there came a band of armed men to the residence of H.S. Barger and they demanded of me Horses bridles saddles guns and ammunition and amongst others there was Samuel Trolinger which I knew by his voyes and I  have been acquainted with him for the last fifteen or sixteen years and he was here in August 6 1861 with Tolberts company.

When he was here in August 1862 a part of the company came in the house and amongst them was Samuel Trolinger while they was in the house the rest of the company went to the stable and taken a horse out of the stable they said to them that was in the house come on boyes and when Samuel Trolinger left the house he bade me good night and they taken the house and then they went off
Lucinda Bargar
Subscribed and sworn
To before me this 4th day of December
AF Garett justice of the peace

Trollinger, Samuel
Saint Louis
St. Louis
Statement of James C. Libby that he saw Trollinger at a store in Potosi. Libby knew Trollinger was coming and pretended to be a Confederate paroled prisoner. Libby details the disloyal statements made by Trollinger.

Statement of JC Libby

Head Quarters St Louis Mo
Office Provost MARSHALL
St Louis Dec 5, 1862
James C. Libby sworn says he stoped at the Mt Vernon House at the Myrtle Street

Last Aug or July I was stopping at Potosi Mo one day a man by the name of Samuel Trollinger came in to the store at Potosi.  I had learned that Trollinger was to come into Potosi that day so I spoke to 3 or 4 me of my acquaintance that as soon as Trollinger came into the store they /my acquaintances/ were to address me as a paroled prisoner/confederate/.  When Trollinger came into the store my friends commenced discussing politics.  Trollinger would always agree with me whenever I would say anything in favor of the south-he would remark “that’s so”.  After talking awhile Trollinger went out of the house to look after his wagon that he had brought from home/I believe about 25 or so miles from Potosi/? After he had been out some time I went out and as I past him /called him by name/ he said that it would not do to let the people see us talking together He told me to step behind the house and he would meet me in a few minutes I went behind the house and in a few minutes Trolliner came up to me shook me by the hand said that he was glad to meet a good Southern man.  In a little while he asked me my name.  I told him Johnston from Arkansas.  Trollinger sayd that he heard of me before.  I said to him if I started to go South did he think that I would get through.  He said I could that if I could Get away from Potosi he could help me.  He then gave me instructions about reaching his house when I should leave Potosi  He also told me what men to take faith in and what man to shun on my way to his house and that if I wanted to stay at his house a while he could secrete me and that he could give me help through to the Southern Army.  I asked him if I should be followed by federal troops while leaving the town what should I do.  He said that he could raise Enough men to whip 100 federals.  I told him that I did not like to put confidence in him as he had taken the oath some time previous to that at the Knob.  Trollinger said that he did not care a d… d for the oath.
He wanted me to come out to his camp and see him /situated about a mile from Potosi / on his way home.  Every Person in that neighborhood knows him to be a “rank secessionist” and a dangerous character.
Subscribed and sworn to

Before me that 5th day of Dec 63?                                        James C. Libby


Trollinger, Samuel
Note from Capt. E. B. Smith to Col. W. D. Wood stating that he he sending the affidavit of Mrs. Lucinda Barger against Trollinger. States others will be forwarded as soon as they can be obtained.
Head Qtrs 32 Regt EMM
Potosi Mo  Dec 7th 1862

Col. W.D. Wood
AA Gen


I send you the affidavit of Mrs. Lucinda Barger against Samuel Trollinger sent up by us last week—others will be forwarded herafter—as soon as they can be obtained

Very Respectfully

E B. Smith
Capt & Adjt

Trollinger, Samuel

Statement of William H. Webb detailing how he was with Trollinger and others in October 1861. He thought they were going for whiskey, but ended up picking up a Union man named Josiah Morgan. Webb was threatened when he tried to leave; Morgan was killed.

State of Missouri
County of Iron     SS

Personally appeared before the undersigned a justice of the Peace in and for the county of Iron  William H. Webb of lawful age who being duly sworn says, That on or about the First day of October 1861 I was at the house of Joseph Trollinger when Samuel Trollinger, William Trollinger, James Trollinger and Oliver Campbell came by and asked me to go with them to Kaolin? To get some whiskey.  I told them I did not like to go, but finally consented.  On reaching Kaolin The whiskey was procured and soon after on going to the Blacksmith shop near by  I found the men mentioned above having in charge Isaiah Morgan a union man living in the neighborhood.

They moved off with Morgan down the road and not understanding the movement inquired of William Trollinger what it all meant—that I supposed they had only came for whiskey.  He replied that they indeed to put him-Morgan-out of the way.  I told him I would have nothing to do with it and was about starting back, when Oliver Campbell approached me with a pistol in his hand and said he would blow my brains out if I turned back- I continued with them until we reached the middle barn of E.H. Sheppard when they handed me a gun.  I told them I did not want the gun—that they must keep it.  I was then told to remain where I was when they all started up the hill.  I called to them saying that I was going back, but they made me stay where I was by saying I should go with Morgan.  After they had been gone some time I heard the report of three guns.  Soon after the men returned without Morgan and we all went down the road.  I was told by them that if I ever told any person or hinted what I had learned from them that death would be my portion? And further the desponent sayth not.                  William Webb

Sworn and subscribed
Before me this 19th day
Of December 1862
William Quesenberry
Justice of the Peace


Trollinger, Samuel
Saint Louis
St. Louis
Letter from George E. Leighton to Lt. Col. F. A. Dick that Trollinger, of Iron County, is the only prisoner in his charge since his last report. Leighton has arrested James O'Brien, George S. Bradley, Joseph A. C. Brown, and William Corran since.
Office Prov marshal
St Louis Dec 18,1862

Col ??Leighton

Transmits papers of Samuel Trollinger who has violated his oath.  communicates that he be held for trial before a military commissioner.  Report of persons ?? since last report?

Head Quarters St louis District
Office of Provost Marshal
St Louis Dec 15th 1862

Lt Col J.A. Dick,
Provost Marshal General.

Agreeably to requirements of the 4th paragraph of General Order NO. 23, dated “Head Quarters Department of the Missouri ” December 1st 1862, I have the honor to report as follows:

Samuel Trollinger, of Iron County , is the only prisoner now in my charge arrested in St Louis District since the date of my last report.  He is charged with violation of oath.  The evidence placed in my hands and herewith submitted for your inspection, appears to sustain the charge; and I would respectfully recommend that he be held for trial by military Commission. 

Since my last report I caused the arrest, when after a full investigation on each case-ordered the release of the following named parties:  

James O’Brian, charged with assaulting and abusing Guard on gun boat Fort Henry .

George S. Bradley, formerly a soldier in the rebel army, charged with coming to and residing in this city without reporting himself to the Military Authorities. Feeling that he came here with not bad intent, I ordered his release on oath.

 Joseph A.C. Brown and William Cowan, charged with assaulting a soldier of Enrolled militia, because he had been instrumental in the arrest of Cowan on charge of having served in rebel army.  The evidence taken in my office did not sustain the charges, and I released the parties unconditionally.
Twenty one prisoners, the greater part of them charged with belonging to rebel bands in South East Missouri arrived from Cape Girardeau County this morning.  An examination of them cannot be made in time for this report, but I will send you charges and their own statements at the earliest day possible.
Very respectfully,

Your obedient Servant,

?E Leighton
Provost marshal
St. Louis District

Trollinger, Samuel

Statement of Elihu H. Shepard that he has seen Trollinger three times with the Confederate Army and other times with men referred to as guerrillas. Trollinger was with men who stole from Shepard and threatened the life of Josiah Morgan.

Personally appeared before me
This the 8th day of June 1864

Elihu N. Shepard being of lawful age after having been duly sworn depoeth? And saith:

I am acquainted with Samuel Trollinger of Iron County MO That I have seen him three times with men of the So called Confederate Army.  That I have seen him at different other times with partys of two three or four of thieves? Who were represented as Guerrilas or Bushwhackers.  As I know they answered to that description as they took or stole from me horse, shoes, Bacon, shoeing implements from my Black smith shop.  This same party of which said Trollinger was one, threatened Josiah Morgan my blacksmiths life.  He was afterward murdered. (the same party supposed to have done it) William Webb was present (of Caledonia MO ) When said Trollinger murdered or assisted in the murder of said Josiah Morgan. 

Elihu N. Shepard
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 8th day of June 1864
Thos H Mackensie?
Lt & Asst ??

Witnesses in the above case
Samuel Trolinger Washington Co Mo
S.G. Brickenridge
William Webb  Caledonia, Washington Co Mo
Mrs Roofe Iron Co Mo
Sam Trollinger

Excerpt From:
Autobiography of Elihu H. Shepard
Pub. by G. Knapp & Co. - St. Louis, MO 1869
On the Saturday after I had declined the acceptance of a colonel's commission, Captain Benjamin Talbot[1] came to me with about twenty of his men, and offered me the command of his company to go and join General Price at Springfield, saying he would resign in my favor and serve under me in the ranks. He had been under my command in Mexico, where he was a lieutenant and knew me well. He seemed greatly disappointed at not being able to induce me to accept the command, as his company consisted of over one hundred young men enlisted in my neighborhood[2].
The next morning (Sunday) he took post in front of a small Baptist Church[3], on the south end of my farm, and as the congregation generally rode their best animals there, he seized them as fast as they arrived and in that manner got possession of all the best horses and mules in the vicinity of my farm and factory. Some objected to the proceeding, but he made the usual plea of tyrants, "military necessity", which was the only satisfaction he offered. This was the beginning of a series of robberies which were continued by both parties for the four following years in that vicinity[4].

The following day he took the horse he had seized to my blacksmith shop in my absence, and compelled my blacksmith[5] to shoe them all with my shoes and nails, and at evening threatened to hang the smith for saying this was "an act of bald robbery". He also took from my store all my ammunition, together with my shot-gun and apparatus.

In order to track Sam I’ve had to look for references to people he was associated with during this time period. A newspaper article mentions Ben Talbot and some of his activities.

Daily Missouri Democrat

In the 12 August 1861 "Daily Missouri Democrat" of St. Louis which mentions that he operated with Captain [John D.?] White, (White would later command a regiment known as White’s and subsequently designated as the 3rd Inf., 9th Inf., and 12th Inf.) and a Doctor Wyatt (I believe this Doctor Wyatt to be John H Wyatt (Wiatt) born 1834 who is listed as a farmer in the 1860 St. Louis County census. He shows up as an assistant surgeon for the 3rd Battalion, MO Cav. CSA.  At some point is promoted to Major. One very cryptic reference to a John H Wyatt is found in a portion of a federal examination form in the misc. (unfiled papers) in the National Archives. I believe this to be the same man captured during the early part of Price’s 1864 raid.)  with 70 to 80 men who on 10 August 1861 [the same day as the Wilson's Creek or Oak Hills battle near Springfield] attacked the town of Potosi. Fourteen local northern home guardsmen fought back and repelled the attack. The article says one guardsman was killed and four wounded while the Rebels lost two dead, three wounded, and two captured. The newspaper said that this band came from the Black River country of Reynolds County and that while near Potosi murdered some men of northern sympathy.

The same newspaper but the issue of 21 September 1861 tells how Union Major John B. Gavitt led a battalion of "independent mounted volunteers" and four companies of his 1st Indiana Cavalry rode from Ironton to the Big Black River and routed Talbot's camp, killing at least two, wounding several, and capturing five. A copy of this article is below.

"Daily Missouri Democrat" of St. Louis, 21 September 1861
The Black River Fight.
Capture of Camp Talbot.
Official Report
Camp Fremont, Ironton, MO
Sept 19, 1861.
Col. J. Thayer, Commanding Post, In obedience to an order from Col. Bland, received on the 18th day of September, and subsequently one from yourself of the same tenor, received on the 16th, I proceeded from Ironton at 10 o’clock on the 19th with my command of four companies of Indiana cavalry, (Capts. Brown, Highman, Clendening and Barter) for the purpose of meeting and defeating our enemies in general, but especially a notorious rebel captain by the name of Benjamin Talbot, who by his acts of violence and disregard of all moral and civil laws, has created a reign of terror throughout all South eastern Missouri. Our first days march was characterized by nothing worthy of your notice. We traveled until 12 o’clock at night, and encamped at a point 25 miles south of this place. Early on the morning of the 17th, we moved still southward to Big Black River some 15 miles, Here we learned that we were in the vicinity of Talbot’s camp; and after ascertaining the locality from a prisoner whom we had taken, we hastened on our way. It was my first intention to divide my command, so as to attack his camp both in front and rear, but a nearer approach rendered this impossible, as the camp was situated in a valley, much above the ground on which we had been marching, and which was accessible only by a bridle path, which wound around the foot of the hill.

This compelled our whole command to enter the valley at one inlet, leaving the other unguarded, and compelled me to make the attack on one side only. As soon as my troops had all reached the valley, I gave the command to charge which my men did with great alacrity, driving back the pickets of Talbot’s camp, who gave way with firing. I pushed my command forward into the very center of the camp, much to the consternation and surprise of the rebels, who after a short space of time, attempted to rally, when I gave the command to fire, after which, there was one continuous firing five to ten minutes, when the rebels gave way and retreated precipitately into the recesses of the mountain which stood in their rear, and where lost them, owing to the superior knowledge of the country. The killed and wounded on their side must have been very considerable. Two dead bodies were found upon their camp ground, while upon our side we escaped with one horse shot.

The rout of the rebels was complete. We took five prisoners, among them the son of the captain of the company, and a first lieutenant. We captured 31 horses and 61 stand of arms. After pursuing the scattered force of rebels as far as I deemed it prudent, I returned to their camp, gathered their plunder together, (among it the captain’s clothing and papers—a commission in the Southern Army, and various other things (too numerous to mention). I started for Camp Fremont, where I arrived without any opposition, save that of a number of rebels, who had stationed themselves some fifteen miles from this place. As we marched through the valley below, they fired upon us. As they were in a position where I could not charge them, I was compelled to march my men under their fire. All are now here in camp, and while the country is infested with rebels, we are subject to your orders.
My officers and men all behaved with great gallantry, and are entitled to much credit, this being their first engagement.
Trusting that my action in this matter will meet your approbation?,

I have the honor to remain yours, respectfully,
John S. Gavett, ?? Maj. Comm, Battalion Ind. Mounted Vol.

Here is a report from the O.R. that backs up the newspaper story.

Series 1 - Vol 3 - page 170

SEPTEMBER 12, 1861.-Skirmish at Black River, Mo.
Report of Major General John C. Fremont, commanding Western Department,
Saint Louis, September 19, 1861.
Major Gavitt, First Indiana Regiment of Cavalry, who was sent out in reconnaissance towards Hardee's position at Greenville, met the enemy's pickets, drove them in, attacked Talbot's camp, killing 2, and took 3 of the enemy prisoners; also captured 60 muskets and 25 horses.
Major-General, Commanding.

[1] Re: Benjamin Talbot was the brother-in-law of Lucien N Farris. Capt. Benjamin Talbot commanded an independent cavalry company that served with the 1st Division, Missouri State Guard, in southeast Missouri. I find Pvt James C. Talbot, age 28, as having enlisted 10 July 1861 at Camp Gartman in Co A, 1st Cavalry Battalion (James D. White's). The battalion was eventually increased to the 3rd Cavalry Regiment, 1st Division, Missouri State Guard. There is likewise a record of a Pvt William Talbot, age 22 or 24, that belonged to the same company as James C. Talbot, with the same enlistment date, that transferred to Capt. Ben Talbott's company on 11 August 1861. More will be written about Ben Talbot for another article.

[2] “my neighborhood” is most likely everything south to Centerville, east to Iron Mountain and north to Potosi.
[3] Probably a little farther south than “the end of my farm” This small Baptist Church was most likely the Church at Black.
[4] Both sides of the conflict were doing this. It just depends upon ones perspective on whether it is an “illegal robbery” or of “military necessity”
[5] Sheppard sometimes refers to him as blacksmith, smith or foreman. His name was Josiah Morgan. Sam and some of his kin killed Morgan for the threats he made. William Webb was a “witness” and appears to have told Sheppard all about the killing. In turn, Sheppard wrote a letter to the Provost Marshall General detailing what Webb apparently had told him. The local Provost at Ironton had Webb brought in and questioned. Webb gave a sworn deposition. I have copies of these documents. We will get to them a little later.